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In recent years we are seeing a sharp increase in pathogens that do not respond to pharmaceutical treatment. Conditions such as reproductive infections that were once relatively easy to treat are becoming resistant to all known pharmaceuticals and even to herbal medicines.

Historically Chinese medicine has presented a sophisticated description of pathogens and their interactions with the body, yet a solid understanding of the presented concepts was confusing and often elusive.

In this lecture, Brandon Horn reviews the Chinese medicine concepts of latent pathogens and how these pathogens are able to evade both the body’s defenses and treatments; leading to chronic degenerative diseases and infertility. He will further review relatively new concepts in microbiology* that explain the Chinese medicine descriptions of microbial pathogenesis. This information provides highly useful insights into traditional formula composition as well as ways in which we can modify and improve upon traditional formulations to address evolved pathogens.

Part I reviews the concept of latent pathogens from both a Chinese medicine and microbiological perspective: discussing the pathogenesis of latency and the role of microbial phenotypes.

Part II introduces biofilms and discusses how we can understand and approach the various stages of development and destruction of biofilms within a Chinese medicine paradigm.

Part III introduces the various ways in which organisms have evolved to resist antimicrobials (both pharmaceuticals and botanical medicines) and how we can use Chinese medicine to counteract this resistance.

* Please note, most of the microbiology slides were peer reviewed by clinical microbiologist Dr. Susan Wu, PhD. The presentation is also well cited.
** Also note, the focus of this lecture is microbial resistance. It is extremely important in the treatment of infertility, but the discussion is primarily geared toward understanding and blocking the mechanisms microbes have of resisting treatment. It is not a catalogue of reproductive infections and the treatment of each one. These are constantly changing and this lecture should give you tools to work on any resistant organisms.


Licensed Acupuncturists/Non-Students:





3 month access to video



About Brandon Horn

Dr. Brandon Horn, PhD, JD, LAc, FABORM is a lecturer, researcher and clinician in the fields of acupuncture, herbal medicine and nutrition. He received his bachelor's degree and juris doctorate degree from the Ohio State University, his master's degree in oriental medicine from Samra University and his PhD in classical Chinese medicine from the American University of Complementary Medicine, where he currently serves as the Chief Academic Officer.
Brandon is a recognized authority in the fields of infertility and gynecology. He has publications in journals such as Fertility & Sterility, Alternative Therapies in Women's Health, Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, and the Journal of Chinese Medicine. He lectures both in the United States and internationally on topics such as the treatment of women with poor ovarian quality, the use of acupuncture to improve uterine receptivity, the use of acupuncture in support of in-vitro fertilization, and integrative approaches to the treatment and management of autoimmune conditions. Venues have included Columbia University, UCLA, LAC + USC Medical Center (Grand Rounds) and Children's Hospital Los Angeles (Grand Rounds).
In researching how to help couples have healthy babies, Brandon developed an interest in fetal development and pediatrics. He accepted a position at Children's Hospital Los Angeles as Clinical Supervisor and Deputy Director of the acupuncture program. He also supervises Master and Doctoral level students working in the Pain, Rheumatology and Endocrinology departments alongside some of the top pediatricians in the country.
In addition to working at CHLA, Brandon is also on faculty at UCLA Medical School where he teaches third year medical students. In his private practice, he sees patients in our Los Angeles office. When not working, Brandon can be found hanging out with his kids, fiddling with electronics, reading, hiking or sleeping.

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